Kuala Lumpur Declaration on a People-Oriented, People-Centred ASEAN

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on Tuesday, 28 April 2015. Posted in 2015, Statement & Communiques

WE, the Heads of State/Government of Brunei Darussalam, Kingdom of Cambodia, the Republic of Indonesia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the Republic of the Philippines, the Republic of Singapore, the Kingdom of Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, on the occasion of the 26th ASEAN Summit in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 27 April 2015;

UNDERLINING the ASEAN Charter as the basis of ASEAN's core principles and values to which we adhere;

REAFFIRMING ASEAN's establishment as a platform for common action to promote regional cooperation in Southeast Asia and the need to further strengthen the existing bonds of regional solidarity and cooperation;

FURTHER REAFFIRMING the Bandar Seri Begawan Declaration and Nay Pyi Taw Declaration on the ASEAN Community's Post-2015 Vision which reiterate our determination to create a people-oriented, people-centred and rules-based ASEAN, and the Bali Concord III and its Plan of Action (2013-2017), which contribute to efforts thereto;

RECOGNISING the United Nations Millennium Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals as well as the upcoming United Nations Post-2015 Development Agenda, which place people and the planet at the centre of a new era of sustainable development;

MINDFUL of the progress achieved within the region and the need for managing change and transformation effectively at the regional and global levels as well as the need to confront challenges to promote peace, security and prosperity in Southeast Asia;

Continue establishing a people-oriented, people-centred and rules-based ASEAN Community where all people, stakeholders and sectors of society can contribute to and enjoy the benefits from a more integrated and connected Community encompassing enhanced cooperation in the political-security, economic and socio-cultural pillars for sustainable, equitable and inclusive development.

Continue to promote the principles of democracy, rule of law and good governance, social justice, as well as to promote and protect human rights and respect for fundamental freedoms;
Encourage the ASEAN Inter-Governmental Commission on Human Rights and other Sectoral Bodies related to human rights to continue to have meaningful and constructive engagement with relevant stakeholders, including accredited civil society organisations, in the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, in accordance with the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration;
Further enhance judicial systems and legal infrastructure to maintain a peaceful and harmonious environment, as well as engagement between legislative and executive
branches in the process of the establishment of a rules-based ASEAN Community;
Continue to preserve Southeast Asia as a peaceful and prosperous region, free of conflict, nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction;
Further promote and strengthen peace-oriented values and reconciliation in ASEAN through inclusive engagement with all relevant stakeholders as well as enhancing and
supporting the work of the ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation (AIPR); and
Continue strengthening good governance and integrity in the public sector in ASEAN Member States.

Promote an integrated, stable, prosperous and highly cohesive regional economy which encompasses all sectors of society, as well as encourage the participation of women,
the elderly and youth in building a competitive, innovative and dynamic ASEAN;
Promote the development of Small and Medium Enterprises as a driving force for the ASEAN Economic Community, including providing an enabling environment conducive
to their business activities, access to the formal financial system and continue promoting public-private sector partnership;
Encourage more engagement and interaction between ASEAN and business leaders, including Small and Medium Enterprises, support the Initiative for ASEAN Integration
(IAI) Work Plan II and its successor documents to narrow the development gaps among ASEAN Member States, as well as facilitate movement of business persons, skilled
labour and talents;
Integrate the elements of health, climate change, environment, sustainable utilisation and management of natural resources, proactive disaster risk reduction and
management strategies, and harmonious socio-cultural diversity in promoting connectivity, higher productivity, sustaining economic development and building
resilience in the region;
Continue capacity building initiatives to enable all ASEAN economies to fully participate in the on-going integration efforts;
Realise the vision of a competitive, inclusive, resilient and sustainable food, agriculture and forestry sector integrated with the global economy, based on a single-market and
production base contributing to food and nutritional security and prosperity in the ASEAN Community; and
Raise awareness, promote and develop social business in empowering communities to generate revenue and social returns to improve the well-being and livelihood of our

Strengthen efforts to build a people-oriented, people-centred and socially responsible socio-cultural community with a view to achieving enduring solidarity and unity among
the ASEAN peoples by instilling a shared appreciation of cultural diversity as well as promoting the well-being and welfare of the peoples;
Promote and protect the rights of women, children, youth and elderly persons as well as those of migrant workers, indigenous peoples, persons with disabilities, ethnic minority
groups, people in vulnerable situations and marginalised groups, and promote their interests and welfare in ASEAN's future agenda including through the ASEAN
Community's Post-2015 Vision and its attendant documents;
Alleviate poverty and narrow the development gap by increasing access to basic needs and work towards achieving adequate standards of living in line with our global
commitment on poverty eradication;
Ensure our people's access to clean water, clean air, basic healthcare and other social services so that they may lead healthy and productive lives and thereby contribute to
the ASEAN Community;
Enhance people-to-people contacts and awareness of ASEAN identity among young people by increasing youth interaction and exchanges within ASEAN;
Promote sustainable cities in ASEAN with emphasis on robust economic activities, a safe and healthy living environment and eco-friendly and sustainable urban
Promote regional resilience by addressing socio-cultural and socio-economic issues that may result from climate change and other environmental impacts, including transboundary
environmental pollution, as contained in the ASEAN Charter and the ASEAN.


on Tuesday, 28 April 2015. Posted in 2015, Statement & Communiques


WE, the Heads of State/Government of Brunei Darussalam, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Republic of Indonesia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the Republic of the Philippines, the Republic of Singapore, the Kingdom of Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, on the occasion of the 26th ASEAN Summit in Langkawi, Malaysia, on 27 April 2015;

REAFFIRMING our commitment to the aims and purposes of ASEAN as set forth in the Bangkok Declaration of 8 August 1967 and contributing towards peace, progress and

REAFFIRMING the purposes and principles of the ASEAN Charter;

RECALLING that during the 18th ASEAN Summit held in Jakarta, Indonesia, on 8 May 2011, the Leaders welcomed the initiative to establish the Global Movement of Moderates as one of ASEAN's positive contributions in shaping global developments and to global peace and security, and subsequently adopted the ASEAN Concept Paper on the Global Movement of Moderates at the 20th ASEAN Summit in Phnom Penh, Cambodia;

NOTING that the Global Movement of Moderates is an initiative which promotes a culture of peace and complements other initiatives, including the United Nations
Alliance of Civilisations;

APPRECIATING efforts at the community, national, regional and international levels in promoting cohesion of the multi-racial, multi-religious and multi-cultural ASEAN
Community whose diversity is a source of strength to promote moderation;

ACKNOWLEDGING that moderation, as a means to promote tolerance and mutual understanding, includes the importance of engaging in dialogues on political, economic
and socio-cultural issues;

RECOGNISING that moderation guides action which emphasises tolerance, understanding, dialogue, mutual respect and inclusiveness and is a tool to bridge
differences and resolve disputes;

FURTHER RECOGNISING that moderation is an all-encompassing approach not only in resolving differences and conflicts peacefully but also for ensuring sustainable and
inclusive development and equitable growth as well as promoting social harmony and mutual understanding within the country and region;

FURTHER ACKNOWLEDGING that a commitment to democratic values, good governance, rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms, equitable and
inclusive economic growth, tolerance and mutual respect, and adherence to social justice are vital to countering terrorism, violent extremism and radicalism, which pose a
challenge to ASEAN, and address their root causes;

RECOGNISING that moderation is a core value in the pursuit of long-lasting peace and a tool to diffuse tensions, negate radicalism and counter extremism in all its forms and

MINDFUL that violent extremism should not be associated with any culture, civilisation or religion;

EMPHASISING that terrorism, radicalism and violent extremism in all its forms and manifestations should not be tolerated or condoned;

COMMENDING efforts and initiatives towards the sharing of best practices on counterradicalisation and tackling the root causes of extremism;

ENCOURAGED that the Global Movement of Moderates has received widespread support from the international community, academic institutions and civil society

1. Strengthen ASEAN unity and solidarity and its central role in maintaining and promoting peace, stability and prosperity in the region;
2. Enhance ASEAN's common agenda for peace and prosperity, which promotes political and social stability, inclusive political processes, sustainable growth which
provides opportunities for all and upholds dignity, and social justice with emphasis on mutual respect, balance and moderation;
3. Promote moderation as an ASEAN value that promotes peace, security and development;
4. Further promote the approach of moderation and uphold the rule of law in the conduct of relations among states, including in the peaceful resolution of disputes in
accordance with universally recognised principles of international law;
5. Enhance cooperation within various ASEAN-led mechanisms aiming to drown out the voices of extremism;
6. Conduct activities which further promote moderation, including but not limited to the following:

(i) Organise outreach programmes, interfaith and cross-cultural dialogues in various formats at the national, regional and international levels, including
through the convening of the Second International Conference on the Global Movement of Moderates, to be hosted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in 2015, and the Bali Democracy Forum in Indonesia;
(ii) Continue to build on initiatives to share best practices on counterradicalisation and tackle the roots of extremism such as the East Asia Summit Symposium on Religious Rehabilitation and Social Reintegration held in Singapore in April 2015;
(iii) Encourage more enhanced information-sharing on best practices on moderation among ASEAN Member States, including through the ASEAN Secretariat;
(iv) Provide the space, support and mechanisms to cultivate emerging leadership from various stakeholders, including women and youth that can help enhance ASEAN innovativeness and vitality to effectively address emerging global challenges including the rise of violent extremism;
(v) Encourage the ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation and the ASEAN Foundation to conduct seminars, workshops and training programmes in collaboration with the Global Movement of Moderates Foundation, among others, in promoting the voices of moderation;
(vi) Promote education as an effective means of instilling respect for life, for diversity and the values of moderation, tolerance, non-violence and mutual understanding towards preventing the spread of violent extremism and addressing its root causes;
(vii) Encourage academic discourse and exchanges to amplify voices of moderates;
(viii) Collaborate with dialogue partners, international organisations and other relevant stakeholders to conduct seminars and workshops for the sharing of best practices and successful case studies of engagement and integration policies that support the promotion of moderation; and
(ix) Promote the observance of a Year of Moderation at the United Nations to underscore the importance of moderation.

ADOPTED in Langkawi, Malaysia, on the Twenty Seventh Day of April in the Year Two Thousand and Fifteen.

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